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1.1            Background Of The Study

The genesis of the cement industry in Nigeria can be traced to the 1950s with the establishment of the first cement factory in Nigeria about 11956 at Nkalagu with an installed capacity of 489000 metric tons per annual. With the increasing demand for cement in the economy, there were growth of the construction industry coupled with the oil boon of the post war period which brought about improvements in the standard of living of the masses, there led to an increase in the demands for cement. To achieve Nigeria national objectives of self-reliance in the supply of industrial products and that of import substitute with this product locally, public and private sector organizations stepped up their operations geared towards increasing cement production. In view of ever-increasing demand, cement in the early phase of development in Nigeria primarily due to the growth of construction industry. A large quantity of cement was still being imported. The commissioning of about a (Nine) cement companies between 1956 and 978 was a deliberate effort by successive government to sustain the tempo of growth in the construction and building industry, as well as conserving hard earned foreign exchange expanded on massive cement Importation. It was against this background that the delta cement company limited Ughelli, was established to take advantage of the unsatisfied demand for cement. Between 1950-1962 the geological survey department of Nigeria conducted a geographical survey in the Aladja division of Delta province, they discovered two marble and limestone deposit in Ughelli area. These mineral deposits were estimated at 10.23 million tones. Detailed chemical analysis showed that the marble and limestone deposit, which extended to a depth of 606m, was suitable for the manufacturing of cement it appropriately blended with clay and literate.

Further survey shows that suitable clay and literate were equally around these locally. Attempts were not made by the western region to exports these mineral deposits but shortly after creation of mind-west region in 1964 the government became anxious to develop the region now delta state which sponsored the Ughelli cement company limited incorporated on 18th of June 1964 as a private limited liability company with an equity share capacity of 2.2 million. This share was increased to N20 million following the expansion of the capacity of 50,000 tons per annum to 950,000 tons per annum. The company factory is located at km 154 delta Eruemekowtiarun Road, Ughelli in Ughelli local government area Delta state, and has its requested office at No.6 reservation road press center building G.R.A Delta State. Delta Cement Company limited is owned in partner by three investors and the percentage stock holding of partners are as follows:

1. Delta State Government 7 8-9%

2. Edewor and Co- Limited 20%

3. Onanife Caro and co- 1.1%

The cement plan was installed ready for operation by 1966 but could not be commission, because of difficulty in getting electricity installed for the supply of power. As this become clear the state government directed the ministry of transport and work to assist in providing the factory its own power generators and this was made available which later set the commissioning in motion in 1969.

The Nigeria civil war perhaps made it impossible to employ the services of their required expatriate technical personnel to take on the management which further two years without operation.

Early 1970. Immediately after the civil war messes Jarpur Udyog an Indian firm was the factory management agent. The management agent commenced operation in March 1972.

1.2     Statement Of The Research Problem

Fringe benefits are non-pay benefit received by workers such as housing transportation, pensions, subsidized meals and discounts on company products. They are usually provided as a package of items. There benefits are extra income to the worker and often satisfy the needs and wants that were not satisfied by salaries or wages. This goes a long way in enhancing employee’s morale. Most benefits plans do not allow the workers to make choice of his or her preferred range of benefits. Generally benefits are offered on a take-it or- leave it basis with the exception of pension schemes, which is mandatory.

Fringe benefits were introduced by employers of labour on the sincere beliefs that employees where entitled to share in the prosperity of their organizations. It grew up as the result of the economic situation in the country. In a country where the government is unable to cater for the welfare of its people, some organizations assume some of the responsibilities which otherwise should have been the duty of the government which is the essence of this study.

1.3     Research Questions

The idea of the research work is therefore given prominence of the problem militating against the effective administration of fringe benefit programmed in manufacturing industries. In order to help to find solution to the foregoing problems the following request were asked.

1. Does fringe benefit enhance workers performance?

2. Does fringe benefit yield benefit to management?

3. Are fringe benefit properly implemented in organization?

1.4     Objective Of The Study

The propose of these studies is to:

1.    To highlight fringe benefit to workers

2.    To explain to management advantage inherent in fringe benefit

3.    To know if the application of fringe benefit have been put to optimum.

4.    To know the extent which fringe benefit has facilitate efficient employee’s services.

1.5     Statement of  Hypotheses

The following hypotheses are drowning in the study:

 (1)    The application of fringe benefit in Organizations Company is not of any benefit to employees and employer.

(2)The relationship between employers and employees has been affected negatively by implementation of fringe benefit.

(3)     The application of fringe benefit in organization has created a bad relationship between workers and employers.

1.6   Scope of the Study

The impact of fringe benefit on work performance intend to cover all the departments in Delta cement company Ughelli how the management manages the work and its workers. It will cover their condition of services of the worker that enable management to give some incentive plans or scheme, or extent of use of incentive plan, determination of incentive trends to fringe benefit and why fringe benefits have expanded. For effective work the research has choose Delta cement company Ughelli as a case study and above all recommendations will be based on the findings of the study.

This material content is developed to serve as a GUIDE for students to conduct academic research

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