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AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE IMPACT OF THE MULTINATIONAL OIL COMPANIES TOWARD THE NIGERIAN PUBLIC REVENUE

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AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE IMPACT OF THE MULTINATIONAL OIL COMPANIES TOWARD THE NIGERIAN PUBLIC REVENUE (THE CASE STUDY OF ELF)

ABSTRACT

An investigation into the impact of multinational oil companies towards the Nigeria public revenue is just a project topic carried out to ascertain the role or influence of one of these multinational oil companies (ELF) on the economic life of our country (Nigeria).

The main objective of this study which was achieved at the end of this project work are.

1.                 To check or rather analyze the profit of the company as it affects the income tax.

2.                 To determine if the multinational oil companies in Nigeria has contributed to the growth of national economy.

3.                 To know the impact of multinational oil company in Nigeria.

This research work was implemented by using data collection from the staff members of ELF oil company by the use of questionnaires and use of secondary data and by oral interview.

Research methodology used as mentioned above especially the use of questionnaire was presented and analyze using chi-square (x2 square).

At the end of the research work was able to achieve my objective of  delving into it.  And recommendation was given by the staff of the ELF oil company.        

PROPOSAL

 An investigation into the impact of multinational of companies towards the Nigeria public revenue is just a project topic proposed to carry out in order to ascertain the  role or influence of one of these multinational oil companies (ELF) on the economic life of our country (Nigeria).

The main obejcttives of this study are:

1.                 To check or rather analyze the profit of the company as it affects the income tax.

2.                 To determine if the multinational oil companies in Nigeria has contributed to the growth of nation economy.

3.                 To know the impact of multinational oil company in Nigeria.

Nevertheless for more than three decades oil has contributed more than two third (2/3) of Nigerian’s public revenue and as a matter of face this oil in Nigeria is exploited mainly by the multinational companies apart from some contribution of Nigeria national petroleum corporation (NNPC).

It is important to carry out a study into the activities of one of these multinational oil companies especially ELF to see their impact towards the Nigeria public revenue.

Moreover in carrying out this research:

It is proposed to visit the multinational oil company in order to collect analyze and interpret data relating to their contribution towards the Nigeria public revenue. And their contribution towards the Nigeria public revenue.  And as well proposed to visit the manager of ELF petroleum, residents of some of the communities where some multinational oil companies are operational and also collect analyze and interpret data form ministry of finance and central bank of Nigerian which will enable me to achieve my purpose of this study.

Questionnaire for staffs of multination oil company is proposed to be prepared way carrying out the research work so as to know what will be their responses.

Constraint that may be encountered  why carrying out the research study are:

1.                 The huge financial  objective involved in the conduct of this study.

2.                 The time frame allowed for the conduct of this study which may have  some impact on he scope of this study.

3.                 The imposed undue restriction to the researcher’s movement/ requirements in the company where she is to obtain necessary data of information.

Finally  in all these constraint above believing God  the impact of the multinational oil company towards the Nigeria public revenue will be established at the end of my research work.               

TABLE OF CONTENT

Cover page

Title page

Approval page

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Table of content

CHAPTER ONE 

1.1            Introduction

1.2            Background of the study

1.3            Statement of problem

1.4            Aims of the study

1.5            Objective of the study

1.6            Research questions

1.7            Formulation of hypothesis

1.8            Scope/ limitation of study

1.9            Definition of terms

References 

CHAPTER TWO 

Literature review

2.1            Multinationals in Nigeria oil industry (the issue of nationalism)

2.2            Participants

2.3            Economic policies and its circumvention

2.4            Visible contributions of multinational oil company to the economic of Nigeria

2.5            Invisible contribution of multinational oil companies

2.6            ELF donation of the flood victims

2.7            The role of multinational companies in developing countries

2.8            The role of capital in development theory

2.9            Welfare effects of development concepts

2.10       The role of technology

2.11       Issues and challenges of Nigeria’s petroleum industry

2.12       Declining exploration

2.13       Off-shore and non-delta prospects

CHAPTER THREE

 3.0    Research design

3.1     Area of study 

3.2     Population of the study

3.3     Samples size determination

3.4     Types of data used 

3.5     Location of data

3.6     Instrument of data collection

3.7     Method of data collection

3.8     Method of data presentation

3.9     Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR  

Presentation and analysis of data

4.1            Presentation of data and analysis

4.2            Hypothesis testing

CHAPTER FIVE 

5.0     Findings conclusion and recommendations

5.1            Summary of findings

5.2            Conclusion

5.3            Recommendations

Bibliography  

Questionnaires for state of multinational oil company.

CHAPTER ONE

1.1            INTRODUCTION

As a matter of fact the search for petroleum in the country started as early as 1908 when a German company the Nigeria Bitumen Corporation (limited) exploration in the Araromi area of western Nigeria.    Their pioneering effort was interrupted by the out break of the first world war in 1914.

However in 1937 oil prospecting resumed in the country with shell D Arcy (the former of present awarded the side concessionary right covering the territory of Nigeria.  Their activities were again affected by the second world war bit resumed in 1947.  meanwhile,  it was in 1956  that oil was discovered in commercial quantities of Olobiri in the Niger Delta after several years of oil prospecting and investing of over N30billion with this development shell started oil production and expiration from its Olobiri field in 1958.

Following the discovering of oil in the country other companies such as Mobil Agip Sc Frap (now ELF) Tennco and Amoseas (which we know today as Texaco/ Chevron) by 1961 began exploration right which has been formally granted to shell alone was extended to the new comers in line with the government policy of increasing the pace of oil exploration in the country Okigbo (1993).

So oil production and export from Olobirir field was first started in 1958 by shell at a production rate of 5, 000 barrels of crude oil per day. The quantity  doubled the following year and crude oil exports form the country rose to 2.0miliom barrels per day in 1971.

In fact in 1972, 631,000,000 barrels were exported yielding more than N600 million in tax and royalties. As production continued, Nigeria attained the status of a major oil producer being presently ranked the 6th oil producer in the world and second in African after Libya.

Furthermore initially government interest was only limited to collection of royalties and other due (taxes) offered it from the oil companies and rudimental laws to regulate the  activities of the oil companies and industry. This was due to fact that oil revenue was very insignificant in the economy before  the late ninety sixties and also relative lack of trained personnel and expertise.

However immediately after the Nigeria civil war oil had become very important to our economy. So to strengthen and establish government control in the industry.  The Nigeria oil corporation (INNOC) was established by

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