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### STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF INFANT MORTALITY RATE

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ABSTRACT

This study is to carry out statistical analysis of infant mortality rate in Kogi state from the period of 2006 – 2015. And computation was made by using the analysis from infant death and life birth in General Hospital Okene, Local Government Area, Kogi State. The analysis made it possible to know that there is a perfect negative correlation between infant death and life birth respectively.

Chapter 1 – Introduction

1.1            Background of the Study

General hospital Okene began as small clinic in 1960. It was built and equipped from free will donation by the government. The location of the hospital was then a very rural area isolated from Okene Township.

Okene General Hospital gradually grew, expanded and kept pale with the overall development in Okene town. For long, it was the only health institution in the whole of Okene. Along the line, when development has started full in town, the conversion of their hospital from clinic to a comprehensive hospital in 1972 and later converted to general hospital in 1978 was due to Okene development of the town and government consideration.

General hospital Okene from the beginning was health service centre where physical and spiritual needs were attended to. The youth from various schools of nursing were trained there to give dedicated professional service to the sick. For many years, the hospital was under the control of the state, other government organization bodies i.e. petroleum trust fund, family economic advancement programmed (F.E.A.P.) etc.

Once more, general hospital Okene has since developed from a majority clinic comprehensive and is now a general hospital with the following departments;

1. Record department (where the researcher obtained her data for this analysis).
2. Laboratory department.
3. X-ray department.
5. The canteen, carpentry and electric department.

The hospital also divided into general department and general wards;

1. Male surgical ward.
2. Female surgical ward.
3. Children ward.
4. Premature unit.
5. Private ward.
6. Operation of surgical wise.

The hospital having a total of one hundred and eighty seven (187) beds with the total of four (4) specialist doctors with one hundred (100-above) and above workers.

1.2            STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

This study is to show the relationship that exist between the infant mortality and live birth in general hospital Okene from 2006 – 2015.

1.3            AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The following are the aims and objectives of this study;

1. To measure the relationship that exists between infant mortality and live birth.
2. To obtain infant mortality rate and live birth per year.
3. To determine whether infant mortality rate and live birth are weak and strong correlation.

1.4            SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY

The research work will be of great importance to researchers carrying out their research work on related topics.

This research work will be useful to the management if infant mortality rate. It will also create awareness to the local government health personnel to find an everlasting solution to what is causing infant mortality.

It also enlightens women on the need to take their antenatal cheek up seriously inorder to avoid complications during delivery.

1.5            DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This project work covers yearly information in infant mortality rate in general hospital Okene local government Kogi state from (2006 – 2015). The information include it branches hospital at Okengwe college hospital Kogi state, Obangede teaching hospital Kogi state. And also my statistical analysis is limited to only two variable are up to date, and also their important in health planning of development Nations.

1.6   HYPOTHESIS OF RESEARCH OF THE QUESTION

Ho: there is no linear relationship between infant death and live birth.

Hi: there is linear relationship between infant death and live birth.

1.7         DEFINITION OF TERMS

1.7.1       Infant mortality

This refers to death of children under the age of one year.

1.7.2       Infant mortality rate

This is the total number of death of children under the age of one year for every 1000 live birth during the year.

1.7.3       Death

This is the permanent disappearance of all evidence of life after birth had taken place.

1.7.4       Neo-natal death

This is the death that occurred to children under four weeks of age or one month of age.

1.7.5       Post neo-natal death

This is the death that occurred to children at four weeks of age or one month to eleven month of age.

1.7.6       Foetal death

This is the death that occurred to complete expulsion or extraction from its mother a product of conception irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy.

1.7.7       Birth rate

This is the number of birth per thousand of the population for a given year.

1.7.8       Live birth

This is the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother a product of conception irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy which after such separation, breath or show any other evidence of live such as beating of the heart.

1.7.9       Still birth

This is a complete extraction from its mother without any evidence of live such as heart beats, movement of the voluntary muscles or pulsation of the umbilical cord.

This material content is developed to serve as a GUIDE for students to conduct academic research

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