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INVESTIGATING THE ROLE OF TIME MANAGEMENT IN ENHANCING EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY WITHIN ORGANIZATIONS: CASE STUDY OF CUCAS LTD, BUEA, CAMEROON

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INVESTIGATING THE ROLE OF TIME MANAGEMENT IN ENHANCING EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY WITHIN ORGANIZATIONS:  CASE STUDY OF CUCAS LTD, BUEA, CAMEROON

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

Over the past two decades, there has been an increasing acknowledgment of the significance of time in organizational literature. Afful-Broni (2018) emphasizes that effectively managing time empowers individuals to seize moments and achieve goals. Time is defined as a finite period during which actions, processes, or conditions unfold, representing the duration required for a specific activity to be completed (Adeyinka, 2022). As a unique and limited resource, time cannot be replaced or accumulated like money, and it cannot be controlled or stored like raw materials. According to Afful-Broni (2018), time consciousness affects every aspect of human existence and is acknowledged as an omnipresent fact that shapes and influences people's lives. In the past, people measured time by using crude techniques and basic observations of the movements of the sun and moon. Also, Manal (2022), assert that time is now essential for many elements of life, such as financial administration, performing arts, weather forecasting, communication, transportation, and supervision. time is an important factor needed to enhance various organizational performances and productivity. Furthermore, a key component of productivity is time. It is an essential tool for reaching both individual and group objectives. As a result, the efficiency of time management and planning determines how much is accomplished in a given amount of time. If one is to manage other resources, then managing time is a necessary. According to Oeij et al. (2022), productivity is thought to be directly related to a business's success or performance. As a result, variables like working conditions and both internal and external factors have an impact on the targeted outputs that organizations set. In the same view, it is further established that working circumstances encompass intrinsic elements such employee work orientation, training, and workplace safety and security, in addition to the working environment and terms of employment.The way time is being managed in an organization will reflect on its performance either positively or negatively. However, effective time management is major challenge most managers of organizations in Cameroon are facing today as they have a lot of duties to perform within a limited time. Nevertheless, high productivity can only be attained if organizations manage their time properly and services are rendered faster than expected. Therefore, a survey will be conducted to  investigate on the impact of technological advancement on the performance of financial institutions in Cameroon.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

With the recent advancement in technology and the growing trend of employees spending extended hours on social media during regular working hours, instead of optimizing time for work, has emerged as a significant concern for many organizations. However, this issue is particularly challenging for managers who are uncertain about how to address it and are still exploring effective methods to manage time to enhance employee performance. In addition, management practices in numerous organizations often exacerbate the problem by lacking proper enforcement and frameworks for ensuring optimal time utilization by employees. Also, the overall performance of an organization may hinge on how effectively its employees utilize their available time in various activities. The management of time is a recurring challenge in many organizations, with Cucas Ltd, Buea being no exception. Cordiner (2020) emphasizes that effective time management is a crucial strategy for any viable organization to ensure the efficient use of time by employees, thereby enhancing productivity. The success of the entire management process, encompassing planning, organizing, directing, and controlling, is significantly dependent on the proper management of time. In life, it is not merely about doing the right thing; it is about doing the right thing at the right time. Furthermore, previous studies have consistently highlighted that effective time management is a pivotal factor for individual and organizational success (Devos et al., 2018). Despite the positive impact that time management can have on an organization, employees often struggle to arrive at work punctually, especially at Cucas, Ltd where tardiness has become a prevalent issue. Consequently, this study aims to investigate the impact of time management on employees' performance. 

1.3  Objectives of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the role of time management in enhancing employee productivity within organizations:  case study of Cucas Ltd, Buea. Specifically, the study will;

1.Ascertain the relationship between time management and employees productivity in Cucas Ltd, Buea.

2.Find out the extent time management is practiced among the employees of  Cucas Ltd, Buea.

3.Assess the impact of time management on employees performance in Cucas Ltd, Buea.

4.Ascertain whether the effectiveness of time management significantly enhances employees effectiveness in Cucas Ltd, Buea.

5.Identify the factors that affects employees effective time management in Cucas Ltd, Buea.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions have been prepared for the study:

Is there a relationship between time management and employees productivity in Cucas Ltd, Buea?

2.To what extent is time management practiced among the employees of  Cucas Ltd, Buea?

3.What is the impact of time management on employees performance in Cucas Ltd, Buea?

4.Does the effectiveness of time management significantly enhance employees effectiveness in Cucas Ltd, Buea?

5.Identify the factors that affects employees effective time management in Cucas Ltd, Buea.

1.5  Research Hypotheses

H0: There is no significant relationship between time management and employees productivity.

Ha: There is a significant relationship between time management and employees productivity.

1.6  Significance of the Study 

This study will give a clear insight on the impacts of time management on employees' performance in the organization. First, it will be of help to employees by revealing to them the effective strategies for managing their time, improving productivity, and achieving better work-life balance. Next, it provides managers and organizational leaders insights into how their teams' overall performance might be impacted by efficient time management techniques. It can help them put procedures and policies in place that promote a time-conscious organization. Furthermore, subsequent researchers will use it as a literature review. This means that other students who may decide to conduct studies in this area will have the opportunity to use this study as available literature that can be subjected to critical review. Invariably, the result of the study contributes immensely to the body of academic knowledge with regards to the role of time management in enhancing employee productivity within organizations:  case study of Cucas Ltd, Buea.

1.7 Scope of the study

The scope of this study is boarded on an investigation on the role of time management in enhancing employee productivity within organizations: case study of Cucas Ltd, Buea.  Empirically, this study will ascertain the relationship between time management and employees productivity, find out the extent time management is practiced among the employees, assess the impact of time management on employees performance, ascertain whether the effectiveness of time management significantly enhances employees effectiveness and identify the factors that affects employees effective time management in Cucas Ltd, Buea, Cameroon.

Geographically, the study will be delimited to staff of Cucas Ltd, Buea, Cameroon.

1.7 Limitation of the study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. In addition, there was the element of researcher bias. Here, the researcher possessed some biases that may have been reflected in the way the data was collected, the type of people interviewed or sampled, and how the data gathered was interpreted thereafter. The potential for all this to influence the findings and conclusions could not be downplayed. 

More so, the findings of this study are limited to the sample population in the study area, hence they may not be suitable for use in comparison to other schools, local governments, states, and other countries in the world.

 1.8 Definition of Terms

Time: refers to the continuous and irreversible progression of events, moments, and intervals. It is a fundamental aspect of existence that allows us to measure the duration of actions, processes, or conditions.

Time Management: is the process of planning and exercising conscious control of time spent  on specific activities, especially to increase  efficiency and productivity.

Employee: an individual hired by an organization or employer to perform specific tasks, duties, or responsibilities in exchange for compensation, which can include a salary, wages, or other benefits.

Performance:  refers to the execution, accomplishment, or achievement of tasks, responsibilities, or goals by an individual, team, or organization.


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