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IMPORTANCE OF INCENTIVES AND MOTIVATION OF HUMAN ELEMENT IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

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Abstract

This work examine the importance of incentives and motivation of human element in construction industry, a case study of construction industries in Abuja, Nigeria. The research objective and question were formulated to guide this work, descriptive research design was adopted and the five construction industries in Abuja were randomly selected for this research work and appropriate question were distributed to 100 engineers in the construction industries. According to the results it shows that there are importance of motivation and incentives of human elements in construction industry and also there are factors that influence and challenges the motivation and incentive of human elements in construction industries in Nigeria Thus it was recommended that increase in salary; promotion, overtime and holiday with pay should be used as motivators for increase in performance of construction workers and Promotion should be done regularly and should be based on performance of workers.

Table of content

Chapter one

Introduction

1.1 Background of the study

1.2 Statement of the problem

1.3 Objective of the study

1.4 Research question

1.5 Scope of the study

1.6 Limitation

1.7 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

Literature Review

2.1 Conceptual framework

2.2 Theoretical Framework  

2.3 Empirical Review

CHAPTER THREE

Research Methodology

3.1 Research Design

3.2 Area of the Study

3.3 Population of the Study

3.4 Sample and sampling techniques

3.6 Instrument for data collection

3.7 Validation of Instrument

3.8 Reliability of Instrument

3.9 Method of Data Collection

3.10 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

Data presentation, Analysis and Interpretation

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

5.2 Conclusion and Recommendation

Reference

Questionnaire

Chapter one

Introduction

1.1 Background of the study

Construction sector is diverse as it contains contractors, element, designers, owners, and others. Construction projects suffer various problems. There are undue cost overruns, delays and loss of productivity associated with construction projects everywhere. In today’s era, one of the biggest concerns for any organization is to increase their productivity, representing the powerful and efficient conversion of resources into marketable products and determining business profitability. With the business environment becoming highly competitive, it is essential that organizations improve construction productivity performance for survival because construction is a man power oriented industry and human resource is the flexible resource available for the management, focus of the majority of the researchers and practitioners has been on improving construction human resource productivity. Improving productivity of the construction workforce is crucial to the success of any construction firm as human resource costs comprise a considerable share of the overall project cost. Losses in construction human resource productivity have often been attributed to poor management of construction projects and construction professionals. Construction man power productivity is influenced by a multitude of factors. Though considerable research exists on productivity factors little effort has been carried out to find the relation between man power productivity and motivation of the humans. The Construction industry all across the world is an important indicator of the development as it creates investment opportunities across various related sectors.  

The sector is labor-intensive and, including indirect jobs, provides employment to more than 35 million people. India is on the verge of witnessing a sustained growth in infrastructure build up. The construction industry has been witness to a strong growth wave powered by large spends on housing, road, ports, water supply, rail transport and airport development. Construction industry forms an integral part of the economy and a conduit for a substantial part of its development investment, is poised for growth on account of industrialization, urbanization, economic development and people's rising expectations for improved quality of living. Construction constitutes 30% to 50% of India's capital expenditure on projects in various sectors such as highways, roads, energy, airports, railway, irrigation, etc and is the second largest industry in India after the agriculture. Since in India 80% of the project has cost and time overrun which in turns affects the quality of the project not because of poor material but because of poor management which leads to human labor. As Construction industry in labor intensive but no research has been done the in the past on the human elements which effects the quality of the project.


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