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AN ASSESSMENT OF WORK ENVIRONMENT AS A PREDICTOR OF EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS IN CAMEROON

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AN ASSESSMENT OF WORK ENVIRONMENT AS A PREDICTOR OF EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS IN CAMEROON

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

The term "environment" encompasses all surrounding elements that impact individuals throughout their lives. However, the working environment refers to the setting where individuals collaborate to achieve organizational goals. This encompasses the systems, processes, structures, and tools that interact with employees and can influence their performance positively or negatively (Ghafoor, 2019). It can also be understood as the physical location where work tasks are carried out. When examining a workplace, the work environment includes not only the physical geography but also the immediate surroundings, such as an office building or construction site. This includes factors like air quality, noise levels, and additional amenities provided by the employer, such as childcare services, coffee provisions, or parking facilities.Beyond that, the importance of the work environment in influencing employee’s productivity has received a lot of attention in the field of company management nowadays (Al-Harbi, 2018; Podsakoff et al., 2017). While the physical, social, and psychological components of an employee's work environment can affect their attitudes, behaviors, and perceptions in an organization (Hackman & Oldham, 2016; Spector, 2018). Therefore, it is essential to comprehend work environment dynamics and how they affect employee’s productivity if an organization is to succeed and last. Furthermore, according to World Bank (2021), Cameroon, a multicultural and culturally rich nation in Central Africa, has seen tremendous economic expansion and industrialization. However, in the midst of this evolution, Cameroonian corporate organizations must optimize worker productivity to stay competitive in both local and international markets (Mbetbo & Asongu, 2020).The work environment plays a pivotal role in influencing employee productivity across industries and sectors (Parker et al., 2017). Factors such as workplace design, organizational culture, leadership style, communication channels, workload, and job autonomy can significantly impact employee motivation, engagement, and performance (Hackman & Oldham, 1976; Agho et al., 2016). Notwithstanding the acknowledgement of the significance of productivity, numerous establishments in Cameroon still struggle with poor levels of productivity, impeding their expansion and financial success (Fouda et al., 2019). The complex relationship between the work environment and employee productivity has been highlighted by earlier studies undertaken in a variety of international contexts (Alfes et al., 2018; Baillien et al., 2016). Only a small number of empirical research, meanwhile, have explicitly looked at this link in the setting of Cameroonian corporate organizations. Therefore, a survey will be conducted in order to assess work environment as a predictor of employee productivity in business organizations in Cameroon. 

1.2 Statement of the Problem

In business organizations in Cameroon, employee productivity is crucial for achieving organizational goals and maintaining competitiveness in the marketplace. However, despite its significance, many organizations in Cameroon struggle with low levels of productivity among their workforce. One potential factor influencing employee productivity is the work environment within these organizations. Furthermore, the work environment encompasses various factors, including physical, social, and psychological aspects, which can either enhance or impede employee performance. Also, employees encounter various challenges related to their workplace environment, including limited training, supervision, and teamwork support (Fotabong, 2022). The work environment significantly impacts employees' engagement and commitment to the organization. Therefore, if the work atmosphere is not conducive, it poses a significant threat to the company's productivity (Fotabong, 2022). Also, disengaged employees, affected by a poor work environment, often produce subpar results due to factors like noise, which can cause discomfort. 

Given the aforementioned challenges in the workplace environment, particularly in business organizations in Kumba, such as the lack of training and development, the researcher aims to investigate how the environment affects employee performance (Akume & Annicet, 2017). However, there is a shortage of research on how these working circumstances affect productivity among employees in business organizations in Kumba, Cameroon. Thus, it is in the light of these that the study seeks to assess work environment as a predictor of employee productivity in business organizations in Cameroon. 

1.3  Objectives of the Study

The main purpose of this study is assess work environment as a predictor of employee productivity in business organizations in Cameroon.  Specifically, the study will;

Investigate the effect of workload on employee productivity in Cameroon.

Investigate the effect of conducive workplace on employee productivity in Cameroon.

Investigate the effect of adequate compensation on employee productivity in Cameroon.

Investigate the effect of good relation with coworkers on employee productivity in Cameroon

Investigate the effect of career development opportunities on employee productivity in Cameroon.

Investigate the effect of leadership/supervision on employee productivity in Cameroon

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions have been prepared for the study:

How does workload impact employee productivity in Cameroon?

What is the relationship between a conducive workplace and employee productivity in Cameroon?

How does adequate compensation affect employee productivity in Cameroon?

What impact does having good relations with coworkers have on employee productivity in Cameroon?

How do career development opportunities influence employee productivity in Cameroon?

What is the effect of leadership/supervision on employee productivity in Cameroon?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

Ho: There is no significant impact on work environment on mployee productivity in business organizations in Cameroon. 

Ha: There is a significant impact on work environment on employee productivity in business organizations in Cameroon. 

1.6 Significance of the Study

A positive work environment not only boosts productivity but also contributes to employee well-being and job satisfaction. By investing in improving the work environment, organizations will be able to demonstrate their commitment to the welfare of their employees, leading to higher morale and retention rates. Also, government agencies, industry associations, and organizational leaders can use the research findings to establish guidelines, regulations, and best practices for creating conducive work environments in Cameroon. Additionally, subsequent researchers will use it as a literature review. This means that other students who may decide to conduct studies in this area will have the opportunity to use this study as available literature that can be subjected to critical review. Invariably, the result of the study contributes immensely to the body of academic knowledge with regard to work environment as a predictor of employee productivity in business organizations in Cameroon. 

1.6 Scope of the study

The scope of this study is to assess work environment as a predictor of employee productivity in business organizations in Cameroon.  Empirically, this study will investigate the effect of workload on employee productivity, the effect of conducive workplace on employee productivity, the effect of adequate compensation on employee productivity, investigate the effect of good relation with coworkers on employee productivity, investigate the effect of career development opportunities on employee productivity in Cameroon and the effect of leadership/supervision on employee productivity in Cameroon.

Geographically, the study will be delimited to employees of Orange Cameroon

1.7 Limitation of the study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. In addition, there was the element of researcher bias. Here, the researcher possessed some biases that may have been reflected in the way the data was collected, the type of people interviewed or sampled, and how the data gathered was interpreted thereafter. The potential for all this to influence the findings and conclusions could not be downplayed. 

More so, the findings of this study are limited to the sample population in the study area, hence they may not be suitable for use in comparison to other schools, local governments, states, and other countries in the world.

 1.8 Definition of Terms

Work Environment: refers to the physical, social, and psychological conditions in which work is conducted. It encompasses factors such as the physical workspace, organizational culture, interpersonal relationships, leadership style, and company policies and procedures.

Employee Productivity: is an assessment of the efficiency of a worker or group of workers.

Business Organization: an entity or entity group engaged in commercial or industrial activities with the primary goal of generating profit.


This material content is developed to serve as a GUIDE for students to conduct academic research



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