The objective of the study is to examine the effect of executive compensation on corporate social responsibility reporting. Adopting a survey research design, we test this hypothesis using a sample size of 100 companies selected randomly quoted on the Nigerian Stock Exchange with audited financial statement specifically for the year 2014. We employ the T-test and Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression technique to analyse the data. Our findings reveal a negatively significant between executive compensation and CSSR. CSRR, Executive Compensation, NSE Companies
The increased interest in the role of business in society today has been prompted by increased attention to the awareness of environmental and ethical and moral issues. It means our society has become increasingly concerned that greater influence and success by local and international organisations has not been equivalent to effort and desire in addressing important social issues including poor treatment of employees and labourers, faulty production output and environmental degradation or resultant pollution by the industries emanating from their activities as it has continuously been reported in the mass media. It is therefore important for all and sundry to realize that the public has countlessly decried the demeaning treatment by organisations and the outcry for increased social responsibility by firms will not disappear if these firms fail to respond appropriately and in a timely manner to the challenges these pose for our societies.
The idea of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is one of the moral and ethical issues encompassing corporate decision making; thus the decision by an organisation to undertake certain activities or refrain from it because they are beneficial or detrimental to society is a central and recurrent question. Notwithstanding, organisations’ desire to legalize their activities is considered to be one of the significant motivations for their CSR performance and is accepted by many researchers (Cho and Patten, 2007; Craig Deegan, 2002; De Villiers and Van Staden, 2009; O’Donovan, 2002; Van Staden and Hooks, 2007). Craig Deegan, 2002, opined that corporate social responsibility reporting is essential for organisations’ long term survival and organisations need to be sure that there are no ‘skeletons in the closet’ which may ultimately be exposed, tarnishing the viability and reputation of the organisation. A company’s profitability, as well as its existence, could be affected by its form of CSR reporting.
In Nigeria the disclosure of CSR in annual reports is not a mandatory process hence acting in a socially responsible manner is not necessarily adequate. Firms are basically required to communicate their deeds or initiatives towards CSR to their stakeholders and this is generally recognized as CSRR or corporate social disclosure (CSD). CSR Reporting (CSRR hereafter) is largely regarded as one of the significant approaches organisations employ to make the general public accept/approve their CSR activities. Corporate social responsibility reporting is a relevant means to guarantee accountability and transparency of accomplishments. Despite variations among countries in different regions of the world, CSRR has increased universally in both complexity and dimension over the past two decades. Although developed countries like the United States of America have introduced mandatory disclosures in the reporting prerequisite which would ensure transparency in corporate activities, in many developing countries like Nigeria, CSR reporting still relies on the voluntary initiatives of the reporting entity.
The challenge therefore is developing effective measures to influence and improve CSRR especially in developing countries. One way to ensure this can be good corporate governance. Bebchuk and Fried (2004) propose that the structure of executive compensation is a direct outcome of a firm’s governance process. Thus, while there are signs that executive compensation as an arm of corporate governance plays significant roles in CSRR; only a handful of research works have been carried out to indicate this relationship. This study makes a critical examination of the contemporary CSRR literature and examines the impact of executive compensation on CSRR in Nigeria. Despite the fact that CSR is becoming more and more important and statutory, research still shows that Corporate Social Responsibility performance and reporting by organisations all over the globe is limited (Catanzariti and Lo, 2011). A possible reason for this occurrence is the probable dearth of ability within the significant decision makers particularly, the board of directors, who are seen to be key players in organisations’ CSR achievements to interpret proper decisions concerning CSR and CSRR.
Assuming that CSRR is an outcome of the boards’ decisions, this study proposes that the influence of Executive compensation on CSRR is very much argued and there is an increasingly high amount of literature highlighting the significance of satisfied executives in boardroom decisions. It is therefore important to note that there has been limited studies with varying results carried out to link executive compensation with the CSRR decision making process. In light of this development, this study seeks to fill these gaps by aiming to delve into the impact of executive compensation and the subsequent effect on CSRR. This is carried out by meticulously reviewing already existing literature, and subsequently providing hints and new ideas to fill the existing gaps in previous research and also to shed more light on how CEO incentives influence their CSR decisions and if this is reflected in organisation’s CSR reporting. In line with this, the study seeks to answer the question;
Objective of the Study
The objective of this study is to find out the relationship between Executive compensation and corporate social responsibility reporting in Nigeria thereby determining the impact of executive compensation on CSRR.