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ANALYSIS OF REPORTED CASES OF CRIME (1996 TO 2003)

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Crime is any act that is contrary to the law, which can lead one to punish accordingly.  Nigeria is a country where things work on a reversible order. Some crimes are punishable by law, depend on the country. In our state (Enugu) to be precisely, some offences like cheating, rigging of election, stealing, advance free frauds (419), and many more are tend to be in reverse other.Any citizen that fall under crime may be punish depend on how the state used to punish their offenders, due to neglection. The rate of crime in Nigeria is a nagging one, such that it will be difficult to known the real criminals. However the word crime compasses the acts which are contrary to the law and the principle of National Justice, since the society has streamline crime to only armed robbery.

  1. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

It is the reported case of crime committed in the country, recorded. This is a research work which seeks to convey out an analysis of reported cases of crime from the year 1996 to 2003.

  1. AIM AND OBJECTIVES
  1. To critically examine whether the crime in Enugu state exhibit or display a trend.
  2. To compare the rate of crime between one class of crime and another.
  3. To find out whether the class of crime is independent or dependent of sex.
  4. To ascertain if seasons contributed to number of crime committed.
    1. CLASSIFICATION OF CRIME
  1. FELONY (Crime against person)
  2. MISDEAMOUR (Offence against properties)
  3. SIMPLE OFFENCE(FELONY NOR MISDEAMOUR)

FELONY- can be defined as a serious breaking of law, which may be sentence that lead to death. Example murder.

MISDEAMOUR – can be defined as an unlawful act, which is not serious in nature it is punishable for more than six months (that’s penalty for a committee). Example Arson.

SIMPLE OFFENCE – This neither felony nor misdeamour, it is punishable by imprisonment for less than six months, examples: forgery and unlawful possession.

  1. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study would be great vital to the general public, the government, the Nigeria police and other agencies of crime concerned.

  1. THE SCOPE AND COVERAGE OF THE STUDY

Aim of this study and basis of the availability of data, where attention is given to the Enugu state central police station as a unit study. It is choosing as consequent of my interest in the study of crime in Enugu urban areas. The research work covers the analysis of cases of reported crime for period of eight year from January 1996 to December 2003.

LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

The study was designed formally to cover more year is restricted to 8 years due to financial and constraints of time.

DEFINITION OF TERMS

CASE – is a set of events, which demand action.

OFFENCE – is any unlawful act.

IMPRISONMENT – This is the act of putting some one into prison for a period of time.

PRISON is building that made for lawbreakers.

CONSTITUTIONS are laws upon which government of a state or country is build up law are rules made by government of a nation.

BRIBE – this is a process by which thing offered to influence a person to act in the favour of the giver.

ARSON – It is unlawful setting up against one’s properties eg setting on fire of some one’s building or car.

MURDER – It is the illegal deliberated of killing human beings. It is seriously law breaking which is under felony.

KIDNAPPING – this occur when there is problem between two parties and one of them decied to target where the other party is and take the party away for Assign, so that he/she can step down for him.

Forgery is a crime that can emphasis where by a person is claiming what is not his belong by force. Instance, you can see where people of Ngwo is claiming a land from Nike people.

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