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EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION ON NATION BUILDING IN CAMEROON

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EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION ON NATION BUILDING IN CAMEROON

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

In the realm of political socialisation, people' attitudes, beliefs, and behaviours towards their political system and society as a whole are significantly influenced. Political knowledge, attitudes, and orientations are acquired by people via a range of processes, which are often impacted by socialising agents such as family, education, media, and peer groups (Krieger, 2019). In the realm of nation-building, it is vital to comprehend the significance of political socialisation, as it has a direct influence on the progress and steadfastness of a country. Cameroon, a country characterised by its diversity in Central Africa, has seen substantial political, social, and economic changes subsequent to its attainment of independence in 1960. Cameroon has obstacles in promoting national cohesion, democratic administration, and sustainable progress, despite its notable cultural legacy and ample natural assets (Muno, 2017). The significance of political socialisation in influencing the perspectives of individuals regarding government systems, democratic values, and national identity has great significance for Cameroon's efforts in nation-building. There is a lack of extensive research on the influence of political socialisation on the process of nation-building in Cameroon, which necessitates a thorough analysis. This research seeks to illuminate the dynamics that influence the nation-building efforts in Cameroon by analysing the processes by which people are socialised into their political roles and duties. In order to inform policies and interventions aimed at strengthening Cameroon's democratic institutions and fostering inclusive development, it is crucial to comprehend the influence of political socialisation on citizens' perceptions of government legitimacy, participation in civic activities, and commitment to national cohesion (Ndang, 2018). 

The present study will use a comprehensive methodology, including theoretical frameworks from the fields of political science, sociology, psychology, and communication studies, in order to examine the intricate dynamics connecting political socialisation and the process of nation-building in Cameroon (Nkwi, 2016). This study aims to investigate the many experiences, perspectives, and factors that contribute to the political socialisation processes of people in Cameroon. It employs a combination of qualitative and quantitative research techniques, such as surveys, interviews, and content analysis. Moreover, this research endeavour will provide a valuable contribution to the current corpus of knowledge about political socialisation and the process of nation-building in Africa. It will provide valuable insights into the distinctive socio-political circumstances of Cameroon and its potential ramifications for wider theoretical frameworks (Tamanji, 2020). The results of this study possess the capacity to provide valuable insights for policymakers, educators, civil society organisations, and foreign stakeholders in formulating policies and programmes that seek to foster active citizenship, democratic governance, and sustainable development in Cameroon and other regions. Therefore, the study evaluate the impact of political socialization on nation building in cameroon.

Statement of the problem

Political socialisation is a vital process that influences the political beliefs, actions, and sense of self of people in a community. In the specific context of Cameroon, a nation distinguished by its many ethnicities, cultures, and political beliefs, it is essential to comprehend the impact of political socialisation on the process of nation building. This knowledge is crucial in order to cultivate a sense of cohesion, stability, and enduring progress (Tamanji, 2020). Although political socialisation processes have a significant impact on nation building in Cameroon, there is a lack of thorough study that investigates the precise mechanisms involved. 

The objective of this study is to fill the existing research vacuum by examining the influence of political socialisation on the process of nation building in Cameroon. The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of many factors on the political socialisation of Cameroonian citizens, such as family, education, media, and political institutions, and how these factors contribute to the formation of their views, attitudes, and behaviours towards their nation-state (Tamanji, 2020). Moreover, the research seeks to evaluate the degree to which these processes positively or negatively impact the unity or fragmentation within Cameroonian society, therefore affecting the overall direction of nation building endeavours. Hence, the study  evaluate the impact of political socialization on nation building in cameroon.

1.3 Objective of the study

The broad objective of the study is to evaluate the impact of political socialization on nation building in cameroon. The specific objectives is as follows

Evaluate the extent to which political socialization influences nation building in Cameroon.

Investigate the agents of socialization in Cameroon.

Identify the factors that shape political socialization experiences in Cameroon.

Propose strategies for enhancing positive political socialization in Cameroon

1.4 Research questions

The following questions have been prepared to further guide the study

What is the extent to which political socialization influences nation building in Cameroon?

What are the agents of socialization in Cameroon?

What are the factors that shape political socialization experiences in Cameroon?

What are the proposed strategies for enhancing positive political socialization in Cameroon?

1.5 Significance of the study

This study is significant for several reasons:

a. It contributes to the academic literature on political socialization and nation building in Africa, particularly in diverse and post-colonial contexts.

b. It provides empirical evidence and insights for policymakers, civil society organizations, and other stakeholders to design effective strategies for promoting civic education, democratic governance, and national unity in Cameroon.

c. It enhances public awareness and dialogue on the importance of political socialization in fostering a cohesive and inclusive society.

1.6 Scope of the study

The study focuses on the impact of political socialization on nation building in cameroon. Empirically, the study will evaluate the extent to which political socialization influences nation building in Cameroon, investigate the agents of socialization in Cameroon, identify the factors that shape political socialization experiences in Cameroon and propose strategies for enhancing positive political socialization in Cameroon.

1.7 Limitations of the study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire, and interview), which is why the researcher resorted to a moderate choice of sample size. More so, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

1.8 Definition of terms

Party Politics: The activities, strategies, ideologies, and organizational structures associated with political parties within a democratic system. This includes party formation, recruitment, campaigning, policy-making, and competition for political power.

Electoral Violence: Any form of physical or psychological harm, intimidation, coercion, or manipulation that occurs before, during, or after an election, which is intended to influence the electoral process or outcomes. 

Electoral Process: The series of steps involved in conducting elections, including voter registration, candidate nomination, campaigning, voting, counting of votes, and the announcement of results.


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