Akinyili (2012) stated that a drug is any chemical that change a person normal body process or function based on natural commission of drug abused. A drug may be used as an aid to healing when one is ill or it may be used to attend to ones need. they are capable of altering personal behavior by affecting consciousness or emotions
Drug Abuse has been define as a periodic or chronic intoxication detrimental to individual and to the society produced by the extensive consumption of drug (Natural or synthetic). it is characterized by the following behaviors
a. An over powering desires or need ( compulsory) to continuing taking the drug and to obtain it by all means.
b. A tendency to increase the dose
c. A psyche (Psychological) and sometimes physical determination upon the effect of drug.
The drug abusers basically are people who find the effects of the drug to be a solution to their problems. As in case of Marijuana (India hemp), the drug become so essential to the user such that they cannot faces reality without it (Rikiji 200)
Drug abuse is regarded as responses made by individual to a belief he basically consider as problem solving. The used of drug is socially acceptable and the majority of people therefore take it and approve it. Although the individuals who takes or who indulges in excessive drug taking may sometimes be regarded with its disfavor.
However, he is often treated with certain tolerance amusement and his instinct will usually cause him to become an outcast from his group of friends and acquaintances. In any society, at any given time, the rest of the society as deviance will look upon people whose usage of drug is different from the social patterns. They will be treated differently, because the drug addict takes perception of seeing himself as being differently. . He will then seek the company of other like himself with whom he can be identify and this way, establishing a sub-culture, which is somehow different form the society in general.
The increase of drug abuse in kaduna local government area, particularly the youth is a matter of great concern because drug abuse are spreading widely and rapidly; their effects on others constitutes a vey major threats both psychological and economically. The society is not very much aware of the growing amount of illict dealing in dangerous drug and its associate danger or devastating effects. It is in the light of harmful effect of this indiserminate and consumption of drug that this study is therefore carried out to investigate the general effect of drug abuse among the youth in Kaduna local government area in Kaduna state.
1.2 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
One of most pressing social problem today in Nigeria is the involvement that of youth in drug abuse which has become a general topic for the dissuasion everywhere in the county
The importance of this study is to identify the major effect of drug abuse among the youth in Kaduna local government area Kaduna state, which is summarized as follows:
· To help the increase of psychiatric problem due to the abuse of drug
· To help reduce high rate of crime amongst the youth
· To discourage high rate drug trafficking
· To make the youth aware of the effect of hard drugs
· To enable state and local authorities to educate youths on drug abuse
· To treat them to be useful to the society
Another importance of this study is to reduce the high rate of broken homes because drugs abuse is associated with an attempt to dis-own the value and attitudes of elders to general, and the desire to become independent.
It will also educate those that are involved in the vulnerability of this habit; it is therefore to serves as a contribution to the social disciplines, and costly sources of information from where policies shall be made to tackle problems and issues on drug abuse through out the country and serves as a reference material for those who wish to carry out other research on this topic in the future.
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
Drug abuse is the taking of substance either oral, body to provide relief or cause the composition of the body chemistry to change. Drug are usually abused for one region or the other. Drug abuse is a big problems to youth and the abuser in major negative ways: ranging from psychosis, depression sickness and other negative effect. Drug abuse also lead to economic and social problems. It destroys home and can cause poverty. It is tot this reason find out the psychological economic effect or drug abuse in Kaduna state local government area, Kaduna state.
1.4 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to among thing tird out;
· Problem of drug abuse in kaduna south local government area, kaduna state
· who abuse drugs in the local government area
· types of drugs abused
· psychological economic and social effect of drugs abuse in kaduana south local government, Kaduna state
· To advice on the how to reduce drug abuse to the barest minimum in the local government area
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION
In order to guide the research, the following research question will be formulated;
· Why the youth abuse drugs in kaduna south local government area, kaduna state?
· What type of drugs are abused in kaduna south local government area?
· Does drugs abuse have any affect on youth in kaduna south local government area?
· Can drugs abuse be reduced to the barest minimum in the local government area?
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research study is limited to the youth population of kaduna local government area. It is to make known to the people and local government authority the mis-use of drug which has ruined the life of those who fall victims, due to drug abuse among the youth.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Undertaking a research project of this nature one cannot escape some problems like information collection, limited time and financing of the project.
some of the problems the researcher encounters include the problems of communication, that is when people do not understand or write the English or Hause language like the student and working class, seemed not to understand what the purpose is all about thereby refusing to fill in the questionnaire or answer the interview. To elicite response from them.
Also the researcher during the study encounter financial hardships-spending the money going from one place to another to give out questionnaire, collection them back and the cost of writing materials.
Even though; I revived a tremendous co-operation from the respondents, by making available to me necessary data and information. of course our library is ill equipped to meet special need of this nature, secondly time factors is another constraints, time allowed for the submission can be said to be insufficient. In addition, writing the project also goes with other academic work which is a task that must be done.