ELECTORAL VIOLENCE IN NIGERIA POLITICS A RESEARCH PROJECT SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT AWARD OF DEGREE IN POLITICAL SCIENCE
The Nigerian second Republic 1979 – 83 political system was base on the struggle for power among parties. This involves conflicts of interest and the actors are always eager to achieve their interest at the expense of others. Therefore, to achieve their respective ultimate aims they reports to bickering and violence.
Electoral violence in Nigerian politics can be regarded as a sort of response to frustrating circumstance. Elections in Nigeria area a contest of guts, blood shared and tears. The Federal Election of 1904 was base on the system of the winner take us all and the loser forfeits all, the nationally divisive and determined effects of a population census and the general institutionalized opposition of the government in power which is the origin of electoral violence in Nigerian politics. The 1979 political system officially adopted the presidential democracy modeled after the America type.
This politics of the second republic became characterized by thuggery, kidnapping, rigging, muddled elections etc. all resulting in an unprecedented violence. The first election of 1979 witnessed more conflicts. The second election, 1983 was almost a breakdown of law and order in most part of the country. And also the weakness of the FEDECO contributed to the failure of the 1983 elections.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover page- - - - - - - - - i
Title page- - - - - - - - - ii
Approval page-- - - - - - - - iii
Dedication- - - - - - - - - iv
Acknowledgement- - - - - - - - vi
Abstract- - - - - - - - - - vii
Table of contents- - - - - - - - viii
1.0 Introduction- - - - - - - - 1
1.1 Background of the study.- - - - - - 2
1.2 Statement of the Problem- - - - - - 4
1.3 Objective of the study- - - - - - 5
1.4 Significance of the study- - - - - - 5
1.5 Literature review- - - - - - - 6
1.6 Research hypothesis- - - - - - 17
1.7 Scope and limitation of the study- - - - 17
1.8 The definition of the key concept- - - - 18
1.9 Research methodology- - - - - - 20
Reference - - - - - - - - 21
2.0 An overview of electoral violence in the
second republic- - - - - - - 22
2.1 Historical Antecedent- - - - - - 22
2.2 Events that escalated violence in
Nigeria politics- - - - - - - - 26
1962 and 1963 population Census- - - - 26
1964 Federal Elections - - - - - - 30
1965 Western Nigerian parliamentary
Elections- - - - - - - - - 33
References- - - - - - - - 37
3.0 Research Design and Methodology-- - - 38
3.1 Sources of Data- - - - - - - 38
3.2 The emergence of political parties 1978 – 1979- 39
3.3 Voting partern of 1979 election- - - - 43
3.4 The Rigging of 1979 election- - - - - 44
3.5 The result of the election- - - - - - 48
References- - - - - - - - 51
4.0 The Second republic and election an analysis- - 52
4.1 Violence in 1979 Election- - - - - - 57
4.2 Violence in 1983 election- - - - - - 60
4.3 Functions and extent of independence of FEDECO- 69
Reference- - - - - - - - - 70
5.0 Summary of finding, Recommendation and
Conclusion- - - - - - - - 74
5.1 Summary of findings- - - - - - 74
5.2 Recommendations- - - - - - - 77
5.3 Conclusion- - - - - - - - 79
Reference - - - - - - - - 80
Bibliography- - - - - - - - 81
Explanatory of violence – Violence is one social phenomenon that does not and never did assure even its perpetrators safety their lives and property. It is an ill wind that blows nobody and good.
Electoral violence in Nigerian politics has become very endemic. It seems that one hardly prepare for politicking in Nigeria, without making very adequate provision for violence. This is because politics involves conflicts of interest and the actors always eager to achieve their interest at the expanse of others. Therefore, is achieve their respective ultimate arms, they reports too bickering and violence.
Nigeria’s adoption of parliamentary democracy at independence was by no means accidental. It was by design. For one thing, Britain Nigerian’s colonial master, had been in the practice of parliamentary democracy at independence was by no means accidental. It was by design. For one thing, Britain, Nigeria’s colonial master had been in the practice of parliamentary democracy for continues and even at independence, parliamentary democracy became one of the British colonial legates. What astonishes one is the inability of Nigerians to have embedded the rules of the game of politics such as tolerance, free and fair elections ability to accept election verdicts, ability to accept election verdicts and the willingness to quite political science if and when the electorate say no.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Since Nigeria’s independence on October 1, 1960, Electoral violence has been a major feature of Nigeria politics and has been a subject of discussion both at private and public places students of political science and contemporary political scientists aluke have delude into the field of electoral violence of Nigerian politics.
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