PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF MANAGING STUDENT HOTELS
IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERISTY OF UYO, HOSTELS)
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
to Okoh (2004), Nigeria has the biggest university system in sub-Saharan Africa
with 114 accredited tertiary institutions. More than 50% of these facilities
have over 20,000 students each. Nigerian universities have experienced a
significant rise in student enrolments over the past decades. However, the
surge in students has not been matched by a corresponding growth in student
accommodation and the available ones have not been properly managed. Figures
from the National Universities Commission show that the provision of student
housing is less than 30% of demand. The vast majority of students live in
privately rented accommodation.
of “first generation” universities in Nigeria have stopped funding student
accommodation. Many of the newer universities have taken the private sector
participation route, although the quality of accommodation varies widely. The
student enrolment in tertiary institutions is growing at an average of 12% per
annum and the provision of new purpose-built student housing is limited. This
in itself creates opportunities for the development of student housing in many
cities in Nigeria.
(2000) suggests that developers could partner with universities in
build-operate-transfer arrangements on new accommodation. There are also
opportunities for better management of existing accommodation. “While the majority
of institutions may be reluctant to give up control, the deteriorating
condition of the majority of university-owned halls of residence indicates the
need to manage these assets in a different way.” Student accommodation should
also have a strong focus on innovation and sustainability. “Developers need to
be innovative in their approach to design, supplying functional accommodation,
which incorporates the basic needs of students and provides additional
facilities and services including laundry, internet services, relatively
constant electricity, water supply, shuttle services, etc. The university
community should be at the forefront of sustainability issues, this should be
reflected in development and management (FRN, 2008).”
(2004) added that in the future, the availability, quality and cost of student
accommodation on offer will be a vital component for universities to lure good
quality students. The increasing number of students in tertiary institutions in
several Nigerian cities has caused serious accommodation problems and campus
hostels can no longer cope with demand. Establishment of private hostels
off-campus was initially perceived as a solution but landlords have taken
advantage of the high demand by upping rentals and students are reeling under
the financial burden. They have turned to the government for help.
has been steady growth in the student population in tertiary institutions, most
of which have been expanding their teaching, administrative and research
infrastructures. But no effort has been made to provide more accommodation for
students and staff.
This has allegedly been a deliberate resource allocation policy, with tertiary
institutions - at the regional and national level - uninterested in committing
funding to accommodation (Akpan, 1998).
tertiary institutions possess large amounts of land on which student hostels
could be built. But it is claimed that private sector figures on university
governing councils have discouraged government investment in building campus
residences. Critics say that owners of houses and land near campuses made
proposals to university authorities to build cheap and affordable accommodation
for students. According to reliable sources, some university officials obtained
bank loans to build hostels that are operated under holdings whose owners are
often their relatives.
"The reason for this strange policy is not far-fetched. Members of the
property class who have invested in the construction of these hostels would
naturally want their investment to yield dividends," explained Akpan
students are having a rough time at the hands of hostel owners whose primary
obsession, has been alleged, is to maximize profit with little concern for
students' welfare. Students have also complained about the absence of a
learning environment in private hostels. You get an impression that you are, at
times, in a shopping mall when you enter most private hostels in Nigeria
universities (Ubong, 2001).
portion of these hostels are transformed into mini markets with hawkers. At
night and during the weekend the hostels are very noisy and movements in and
out of the hostels are not restricted. However, the researcher
will provide an overview on the problems and prospects of managing student
hostel in Nigeria using University of Uyo Hostel as a case study.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
into the management of student hostel in Nigeria universities has been on the
front burner in recent times as steady growth in the student population in
tertiary institutions which has created the need for expansion in
infrastructures including accommodation facilities. But no effort has been made
to provide more accommodation for students and staff.
This study is seeking to find out if this situation is a deliberate resource
allocation policy, with tertiary institutions - at the regional and national
level - uninterested in committing funding to accommodation even in the face of
tremendous challenges faced by students due to this poor scenario. The
evolution of off-campus student hostels occurred as a result of poor management
of the school owned hostel accommodation. This development has not been able to
eradicate the management challenges relating to student hostel. The researcher
will however provide an analysis on the problems and prospects of managing
student hostels in Nigeria. 1.3 OBJECTIVES
OF THE STUDY
following are the objectives of this study:
examine the problems in the management of student hostel in Nigerian
examine the prospects in the management of student hostel in Nigerian
find out ways by which management challenges in Nigerian universities hostel
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
are the problems in the management of student hostel in Nigerian universities?
are the prospects in the management of student hostel in Nigerian universities?
are the ways by which management challenges in Nigerian universities hostel are
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
following are the significance of this study:
from this study will enlighten the general public on the state of the hostel
accommodation in Nigerian universities considering the problems and prospect.
research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers
interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if
applied, it will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic.
1.7 SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
study will cover the overview of problems and prospects of managing student
hostel in Nigeria using the university of Uyo student hostel as the case study.
LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the
efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature
or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire
Time constraint- The researcher will
simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently
will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
a room, group of rooms, or building in which someone may live or stay.
an establishment which provides inexpensive food and lodging for a specific
group of people, such as students, workers.
the process of dealing with or controlling things or people.
Akpan, G. E. (1998). The effect of student
income support on academic performance. The Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies. 40 (2). 285, 293.
Akpan, P. A.
(2000). Housing conditions and environmental quality in Ikot Ekpene, Nigeria. African Journal of Social and Policy
Studies. 1(1). 1-7.
Federal Republic of Nigeria (1998). National policy on education. Lagos: NERDC Press.
Okoh, J. D.
(2004). Sustainable funding of higher education: Inter-country analysis. The Colloquium. 1(1). 7-10, 15-16.
Ubong, B. (2001).
Pupil personnel management in school: A new emphasis under the UBE scheme. Ahmadu Bello University Journal of
Education, Legal, and Management Studies. 1 (2). 13