CULTURE AND QUALITY OF PUBLIC PROPERTIES IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF AKWA IBOM INTERNATIONAL
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The Advanced Learners Dictionary defines
maintenance as the process of protecting or preserving someone or something, or
the process of keeping something in good condition. Culture, on the other hand,
is a way of life, a lifestyle, customs, traditions, habits that portray the
attributes of a person/people.
Maintenance culture is an
attitude which is sadly lacking in Nigeria, whether in the home, office, school
or factory. Mbamali (2003) added that poor maintenance culture has become a
widely recognized problem in Nigeria which has poorly affected the quality of
Public property is property that
is dedicated to public use and is a subset of state property. The term may be
used either to describe the use to which the property is put, or to describe
the character of its ownership (owned collectively by the population of a
state). This is in contrast to private property, owned by an individual person
or artificial entities that represent the financial interests of persons, such
as corporations. State ownership, also called public ownership, government
ownership or state property, are property interests that are vested in the
state, rather than an individual or communities (Wikipedia, 2015).
Maintenance culture in Nigeria is
one of the lowest around the world, especially, in our principal towns and
cities where the majority of public properties are located. In the rural areas,
the story is different and pleasant to hear. The traditional practice of
communal clearing of community owned places such as market playground is in almost
every village and in private homes. Also, it is customary to refurbish building
interiors with mixtures of cow dung or natural red clay. The end result is
attractive and totally indigenous. According to Wahab (1995) the nation accords
low priority to property management leading to neglect of public properties. Mbamali
(2003) asserted that we have no maintenance policy and therefore no such
culture exists. Neglect of maintenance has accumulated consequences in rapid
increase in the deterioration of the fabric and finishes of a building,
accompanied by a harmful effect on the contents occupants Seeley, (1987). Inadequate
maintenance culture is a peculiar feature of almost every public building in Nigeria.
According to Rotimi and Mtallib (1995) is partly due to poor maintenance
culture on one hand and partly due to the absence of an appropriate benchmark. Gurjit
(1990) asserted that lack of proper maintenance culture bring the life of these
public building last before reaching the total obsolescence state. The
declining maintenance culture in Nigeria and its effect on public buildings and
all other properties has become a major problem to the government at various
levels. This study examines ways of improving maintenance culture and its
effect on quality of public properties
A great portion of a nation
wealth is evident in the total value of its public properties and buildings; it
is also an important factor in the production of the building to be preserved.
A poorly maintained building in a decaying environment depresses the quality of
live and contributes in some measures to anti social behaviour which threatens
the socio" political environment it finds itself in
According to Stephen (2002) public
properties services rarely perform as well as desired. The causes emanate from
deficiencies in design, construction, commissioning and maintenance, many
researchers have also observed that the generators of maintenance problems
could be looked upon has caused during the design stage or construction stage
or initiated during the usage stage or the user’s carefree attitudes (Bad
maintenance culture) which will eventually deteriorate the
condition of the property.
He further said that all these
could be planned for during the design stage. Maintenance problems though do
manifest during the use of the building, their causes might be during the design stage. These made Dekker (2002) to assert
that thinking on the maintenance should start in the design phase. According to
Speight (2000), it is at
the design stage that the maintenance burden can be positively influenced for
better or for worse. Where the designer fails to make adequate consideration
for minimizing maintenance problems, it always turns out to
be a big problem when the
building is eventually occupied for usage, the consideration for effective
maintenance as one of the parameters for the building design. Seeley (1997) also said that a skilful design can reduce the amount of
maintenance work and also make it easier to perform, since good maintenance
begins on the drawing board.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
(1996) further described maintenance of public properties as the combination of
any continuous actions carried out to retain a property in or restore it to an acceptable
condition. Onwuka (1989) stated that maintenance culture is concerned with the planning
and control of construction resources to ensure that necessary repairs and
renewal are carried out with maximum efficiency and economy to enhance the
quality of the property. However, the researcher is examining the ways of
improving maintenance culture and quality of public properties in Nigeria.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
following are the objectives of this study:
examine ways of improving maintenance culture in Nigeria.
determine ways of enhancing the quality of public properties through improved
determine the factors affecting maintenance culture in Nigeria.
are the ways of improving maintenance culture in Nigeria?
are the ways of enhancing the quality of public properties through improved
are the factors affecting maintenance culture in Nigeria.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
following are the significance of this study:
findings from this study will educate the government and policy makers,
stakeholders in building and the general public on the need for improvement in
maintenance culture as a way of improving the quality of public property.
research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers
interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if
applied will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic
1.7 SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
study on improving maintenance culture and quality of public properties in
Nigeria will cover the attitude of Nigerians to the adequate maintenance of
public properties, looking at ways to improve maintenance culture with a view
to improve the quality of public properties.
LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the
efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature
or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire
Time constraint- The researcher will
simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently
will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
Dekker, B. (2002).
Application of maintenance optimization models; a
review and analysis on reliability engineering and system safety lsevier science
ltd. Northern Ireland
Gurjit, L. (1990).
The Surveyor and Establishing a maintenance management system for cinema
building maintenance vol. 3, American business journal
Mbamali, P. (2003). The Impact
of accumulation deferred maintenance on selected buildings of Two Federal Universities
in the Northwest zone of Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Science vol 3 (17) .
Oladimeji, A.B. 1996. ‘Budgeting,
Costing and Cost Control in Maintenance Engineering and Management”, being a
paper delivered at a 3-Day Course organized by the Nigerian Society of Engineers,
Osogbo Branch at the Federal Polytechnic Ede, Osun State, 3rd – 5th July.
Onwuka, E.S. 1989. “Maintenance in
Building and Construction Works”. Lagos Q.S. Digest Journal Vol. 3 No 1, pp 3 -
Rotimi, L.A. and Mtallib, M.E.
(1995). A paper title: Economic consideration works, proceedings of the International
conference on maintenance of engineering Facilities in developing countries
Seeley, T. (1987). Building
maintenance. 2nd edition Macmillan press Ltd, Nothingham.
Speight, B. A. (2000). Maintenance
of Buildings - its relationship to design, The chattered surveyor 1-10 166.
Stephen, L. (2012). Building
services maintenance - The forgotten Discipline, Aha management publications
Wahab, J.A. (1995) Adequate
and Affordable Housing for Nigeria in the 21st century housing today. Journal
of the Association of Housing Science and its application, vol. 2,
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