Accounting | The role of financial statements in investment-decisions

The role of financial statements in investment-decisions

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Abstract

The research topic of this study is “The role of financial statement in investment decisions” – a study of selected banks in Enugu metropolis. The purpose is to identify the relationship between financial statement and investment decisions, and the impact of financial statement in investment decision making and also to know if investment decisions depends solely on financial statement. The study population is 125 persons who are the member of staff of the five major selected banks. Using the Yaro Yamani formula, the sample size calculated gave (95). The formulated hypotheses were tested using Z test with statistical technique at 5% level of significance. The researcher also made use of primary methods of data collection which included questionnaires and personal interviews. Also the secondary methods of data collection used are library research of relevant materials and existing documents from the selected banks. The researcher recommends that banks in Enugu metropolis should consult the financial statement before making investment decisions, and also it is recommends that all interested parties to financial statement should used required financial ratio analysis for decision making.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Approval page ii
Dedication iii
Acknowledgement iv
Abstract vi

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Statement of the Problems 3
1.3 Objective of the Study 4
1.4 Research Questions 5
1.5 Hypotheses of the Study 5
1.6 Significance of the Study 6
1.7 Scope and Limitation of the Study 6
1.8 Definition of terms 7
References 9

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.0 INTRODUCTION 10
2.1 Historical Development of Business Financial State Analysis
and Financial Ratios 12
2.2 Accounting Information Tools 14
2.2.1 The Balance Sheet 15
2.2.2 The Profit and loss Account (Income Statement) 15
2.2.3 Statement of Accounting Policies 16
2.2.4 Director Report 16
2.2.5 The value Added Statement 17
2.2.6 The five year financial summary 17
2.2.7 The Auditor’s Report 17
2.2.8 Notes on the Accounts 17
2.2.9 A Cash Flow Statement 17
2.3 Quantitative Characteristic of Accounting Information 18
10
2.4 Use of Accounting Information by decision makers 21
2.5 Objective of Accounting Information 22
2.6 Importance of Accounting Information 24
2.7 Users of Accounting Information and their Objective 25
2.8 Financial Ratio Analysis 27
References 36

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY

3.1 Research Design 37
3.2 Sources of Data 37
3.3 Research Instruments 38
3.4 Reliability / Validity of research Instrument 39
3.5 Population of Study 39
3.6 Sample and Sampling Technique 40
3.7 Administration of Research Instruments 44
3.8 Method of Data Analysis 45
3.9 Decision Criterion for Validation of hypothesis 46
References 47

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1 Data Presentation 48
4.2 Data Analysis 49

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION, RECOMMENDATION

5.1 Summary of Findings 74
5.2 Conclusion 75
5.3 Recommendations 77
Bibliography 79
Appendices 81

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Every business prepares profit and loss Account or income statement to ascertain the net result of financial working of the business whether it has earned some income or profit or sustained any loss. It also prepare balance sheet to find out the financial position of the business. Profit and loss account or income statement, retained earnings statement and balance sheet are known as financial statements.
Gautam (2005) sees financial statement as financial information which is the information relating to the financial position of any firm; when presented in a concise and capsule form. Besides profit and loss account and balance sheet, some other statements are also prepared for deriving certain conclusions. A schedule of current assets and current liabilities of two years may be prepared to know the changes in working capital. Similarly a fund flow statement and cash flow statement may also be prepared to ascertain the future estimate of cash receipt and payment. Thus, financial statement include: profit and loss Account, income statement and balance sheet along with certain schedules and statement.

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